Respectfully brushed by 72-year old Mugai of Rinno-ji"
Hasan, "Leaf Mountain", is the name of a Jinja ("God's Residence") in Matsushima; this kind of calligraphy is thought to bring the spirit of the mountain god into one's dwelling. In a much wider sense, "Leaf Mountain God's Residence" can be taken to mean that the Divine or Buddha-nature (depending on what you want to call it) is at home everywhere.
Fukusada Mugai (1881-1943) restored and served as abbot of Rinno-ji in Sendai. Mugai is famed for telling the militarists who came to confiscate the big bronze temple bell to be melted down for the war effort: "Any nation that turns holy objects into instruments of destruction will surely be defeated!"
Age: 20th Century
Size: painting 43-7/8" x 12-1/4" (111 x 31 cm); overall 70-1/4" x 19-5/8" (178 x 50 cm)
Media: Ink on paper